Problem : Some servers in my university are beind firewall and it is difficult to ssh to those servers as I always use a VPN service on my primary laptop. To be able to ssh, one must be inside the university or use the university VPN.
It is possible to ssh to a public facing server and go through that to any server inside of the unversity. It is almost like running a campus VPN, but it is a 2 step process. So in search for a better solution I found this:
Host <host-alias> User <username> Hostname <hostname> ProxyCommand ssh <hostname:port for public facing server> exec nc %h %p IdentityFile <private-key> Port 22 Compression yes CompressionLevel 6
This configuration allows you to run
nc on the public facing server and ssh
directly to the server behind the firewall. Note that the magic happend in the
4th line of the configuratoin with
ProxyCommand. Pretty neah eh?